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工程科学与技术:2022,54(1):37-46
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云南省碳中和技术路线与行动方案
(1.西南石油大学 油气藏地质及开发工程国家重点实验室,四川 成都 610500;2.克劳斯塔尔工业大学 地下能源系统研究所,德国克劳斯塔尔–采勒费尔德 38678;3.云南省中–德蓝色矿山与特殊地下空间开发利用重点实验室 云南 昆明 650093;4.昆明理工大学 国土资源工程学院,云南 昆明 650093;5.贵州大学 土木工程学院,贵州 贵阳 550025)
Technical Routes and Action Plan for Carbon Neutral for Yunnan Province
(1.State Key Lab. of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum Univ., Chengdu 610500, China;2.Inst. of Subsurface Energy Systems, Clausthal Univ. of Technol., Clausthal–Zellerfeld 38678, Germany;3.Yunnan Key Lab. of Sino-German Blue Mining and Utilization of Special Underground Space, Kunming 650093, China;4.School of Land and Resources Eng., Kunming Univ. of Sci. and Technol., Kunming 650093, China;5.College of Civil Eng., Guizhou Univ., Guiyang 550025, China)
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投稿时间:2021-09-11    修订日期:2022-01-01
中文摘要: 为解决碳达峰碳中和技术路线和行动方案不明确、不清晰的问题,以云南省为研究对象,分析梳理了云南省的能源结构、碳排放现状、碳排放重点行业、林业碳汇情况等,归纳总结出云南省碳中和目标导向下的技术路线和行动方案。研究结果表明:云南省可再生资源丰富,应充分发挥绿色能源优势,大力发展水能、风能及太阳能等可再生能源。充分利用废弃矿山、盐穴、枯竭油气藏等地下空间进行储能,结合二氧化碳生化反应合成甲烷及矿井抽水蓄能等技术,实现二氧化碳资源化利用与能源大规模储存。云南省应加快推动氢能产业发展,开展氢能制备、储存、运输、利用等相关设备和技术的研发、推广和标准化生产,并推动能源产、储、运、用一体化建设。云南省应充分利用资源优势条件,推进碳中和行动方案落实,若采用地质封存技术将六大主要碳排放领域的二氧化碳封存30%,则有望在2037年实现碳中和。研究成果对于碳减排和减缓气候变化具有理论意义,也对云南省实现碳达峰和碳中和目标具有重要实践指导意义。
中文关键词: 碳中和  云南省  能源转型  碳排放
Abstract:In order to make the technical routes and action plans for carbon neutralization clear, the energy structure, carbon emission status, key carbon emission industries, and forestry carbon sinks in Yunnan Province were analyzed as a case study. The technical route and four major action plans guided by the carbon neutrality goal of Yunnan Province were also summarized. The research results showed that Yunnan Province is rich in renewable resources and should give full play to the advantages of green energy and vigorously develop renewable energy such as hydropower, wind power, and solar energy. It was suggested to make full use of underground spaces such as abandoned mines, salt caverns, depleted oil, and gas reservoirs for energy storage, combine with carbon dioxide biochemical reaction to produce methane and mine pumped energy storage, to realize the utilization of carbon dioxide resources and large-scale energy storage. Yunnan Province should accelerate the development of the hydrogen energy industry, carry out the research and development, promotion and standardized production of related equipment and technologies such as hydrogen energy production, storage, transportation, and utilization, and promote the integrated construction of energy production, storage and utilization. It was also suggested to make full use of its resource advantages and promotes the implementation of the carbon neutral action plan. It was expected to achieve carbon neutrality in 2037 if 30% of the six main CO2 emissions in Yunnan Province will be sequestrated. The research results have theoretical significance for carbon emission reduction and climate change mitigation, and also have important practical significance for Yunnan Province to achieve carbon peak and carbon neutral goals.
文章编号:202100919     中图分类号:    文献标志码:
基金项目:四川省国际科技创新合作项目(2021YFH0010);四川省科技项目(22MZGC0040)
作者简介:第一作者:曹成(1993-),男,副研究员,博士.研究方向:二氧化碳利用与封存、油气井工作液.E-mail:caocheng@swpu.edu.cn;通信作者:侯正猛,E-mail:hou@tu-clausthal.de
引用文本:
曹成,侯正猛,熊鹰,罗佳顺,方琰藜,孙伟,廖建兴.云南省碳中和技术路线与行动方案[J].工程科学与技术,2022,54(1):37-46.
CAO Cheng,HOU Zhengmeng,XIONG Ying,LUO Jiashun,FANG Yanli,SUN Wei,LIAO Jianxing.Technical Routes and Action Plan for Carbon Neutral for Yunnan Province[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2022,54(1):37-46.