###
工程科学与技术:2022,54(1):69-82
←前一篇   |   后一篇→
本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
碳中和背景下的水资源利用与保护
(1.四川大学 水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室,四川 成都 610065;2.四川大学 水利水电学院,四川 成都 610065)
Utilization and Protection of Water Resources Under the Background of Carbon Neutralization
(1.State Key Lab. of Hydraulics and Mountain River Eng., Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China;2.School of Water Resources & Hydropower, Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China)
摘要
图/表
参考文献
相似文献
附件
本文已被:浏览 2228次   下载 1585
投稿时间:2021-07-27    修订日期:2021-10-04
中文摘要: 实现水资源高效智慧的利用与保护,是国家推进能源结构调整,促进低碳技术发展和环境保护,应对全球气候变化,实现“碳达峰、碳中和”战略目标的共性关键基础。为此,本文从水资源科技发展对碳中和的重大促进作用视角出发,回顾总结了水资源利用与保护的历史和战略发展趋势,阐明了水资源利用对开拓清洁能源应用潜力、促进国家能源结构低碳化的关键作用,研究了水资源利用与保护对于缩减碳源、提高碳汇的天然优势,并从规划运行智慧化、生态能源一体化、空间利用充分化、设计建造绿色化和改造发展统筹化等五大发展方向,系统凝练了智慧水利信息网络及反馈调控、多源信息监测体系及一体化模式、特殊地下空间利用及地下蓄能设施、生态水利工程及零碳水电站系统、中小型水电站改造并网及离网型水风光互补系统等高效智慧利用与保护水资源的技术方法。研究成果对长江黄河等重要流域保护、推进国家水资源利用重大战略工程实践、助力实现碳达峰、碳中和“3060”目标均具有重要促进意义。
Abstract:The effective protection and utilization of water resources is the common key basis for the country to promote the adjustment of energy structure, to develop low-carbon technology and environmental protection, to cope with global climate change, and to achieve the strategic goal of “reaching carbon peak in 2030 and reaching carbon neutralization in 2060”. From the perspective of the significant role of water resources science and technology development in promoting carbon neutralization, the history and strategic development trend of water resources utilization and protection was reviewed and summarized, and the key role of water resources utilization in developing the application potential of clean energy and promoting the low carbon of national energy structure was elaborated. The natural advantages of water resources utilization and protection in reducing carbon sources and improving carbon sinks were studied. The technical methods of efficient and intelligent utilization and protection of water resources were systematically reviewed, such as intelligent water conservancy information network and feedback regulation, multi-source information monitoring system and integrated model, special underground space utilization and underground energy storage facilities, eco-hydraulic engineering and zero-carbon hydropower station system, transformation and grid connection of small-medium hydropower stations, and off-grid wind–light–water complementary system, based on the five development directions of intelligent planning and operation, ecological energy integration, full differentiation of space utilization, green design and construction and overall planning of transformation and development. The research findings are of great significance to protect the Yangtze River, Yellow River, and other important river basins, to promote the practice of national water resources utilization major strategic projects, and to help to achieve the “3060 Goal”.
文章编号:202100739     中图分类号:    文献标志码:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(U1965203)
作者单位E-mail
张茹 四川大学 水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室四川 成都 610065
四川大学 水利水电学院四川 成都 610065 
zhangru@scu.edu.cn 
楼晨笛 四川大学 水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室四川 成都 610065
四川大学 水利水电学院四川 成都 610065 
 
张泽天 四川大学 水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室四川 成都 610065
四川大学 水利水电学院四川 成都 610065 
zhangzetian@scu.edu.cn 
黄晓荣 四川大学 水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室四川 成都 610065
四川大学 水利水电学院四川 成都 610065 
 
谢晶 四川大学 水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室四川 成都 610065
四川大学 水利水电学院四川 成都 610065 
 
郝齐钧 四川大学 水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室四川 成都 610065
四川大学 水利水电学院四川 成都 610065 
 
张岚斌 四川大学 水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室四川 成都 610065
四川大学 水利水电学院四川 成都 610065 
 
李怡航 四川大学 水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室四川 成都 610065
四川大学 水利水电学院四川 成都 610065 
 
刘小玲 四川大学 水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室四川 成都 610065
四川大学 水利水电学院四川 成都 610065 
 
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
ZHANG Ru State Key Lab. of Hydraulics and Mountain River Eng., Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China
School of Water Resources & Hydropower, Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China 
zhangru@scu.edu.cn 
LOU Chendi State Key Lab. of Hydraulics and Mountain River Eng., Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China
School of Water Resources & Hydropower, Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China 
 
ZHANG Zetian State Key Lab. of Hydraulics and Mountain River Eng., Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China
School of Water Resources & Hydropower, Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China 
zhangzetian@scu.edu.cn 
HUANG Xiaorong State Key Lab. of Hydraulics and Mountain River Eng., Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China
School of Water Resources & Hydropower, Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China 
 
XIE Jing State Key Lab. of Hydraulics and Mountain River Eng., Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China
School of Water Resources & Hydropower, Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China 
 
HAO Qijun State Key Lab. of Hydraulics and Mountain River Eng., Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China
School of Water Resources & Hydropower, Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China 
 
ZHANG Lanbin State Key Lab. of Hydraulics and Mountain River Eng., Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China
School of Water Resources & Hydropower, Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China 
 
LI Yihang State Key Lab. of Hydraulics and Mountain River Eng., Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China
School of Water Resources & Hydropower, Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China 
 
LIU Xiaoling State Key Lab. of Hydraulics and Mountain River Eng., Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China
School of Water Resources & Hydropower, Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China 
 
作者简介:第一作者:张茹(1976-),女,教授,博士.研究方向:深部岩体力学与工程安全.E-mail:zhangru@scu.edu.cn;通信作者:张泽天,E-mail:zhangzetian@scu.edu.cn
引用文本:
张茹,楼晨笛,张泽天,黄晓荣,谢晶,郝齐钧,张岚斌,李怡航,刘小玲.碳中和背景下的水资源利用与保护[J].工程科学与技术,2022,54(1):69-82.
ZHANG Ru,LOU Chendi,ZHANG Zetian,HUANG Xiaorong,XIE Jing,HAO Qijun,ZHANG Lanbin,LI Yihang,LIU Xiaoling.Utilization and Protection of Water Resources Under the Background of Carbon Neutralization[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2022,54(1):69-82.