###
工程科学与技术:2021,53(6):148-154
←前一篇   |   后一篇→
本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
山区河流宽窄相间河段山洪水沙输移2维数值试验
(四川大学 水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室,四川 成都 610065)
Numerical Experiment of Flash Flood Related to Sediment Transport at Local Diverging-converging Sections in Mountainous Rivers
(State Key Lab. of Hydraulics and Mountain River Eng., Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China)
摘要
图/表
参考文献
相似文献
本文已被:浏览 552次   下载 306
投稿时间:2021-02-05    修订日期:2021-05-22
中文摘要: 山区河流山洪过程常挟带大量泥沙,并引发河床剧烈变形,尤其是宽窄相间河段河床急剧调整、水位陡涨极易增加展宽河段洪水淹没风险。研究山洪演进的水沙输移及河床变形对于防洪减灾具有重要意义。本文采用2维水沙动力学数值试验探究上游来沙变化条件下,宽窄相间河段水沙输移及河床变形过程。结果表明:当上游来沙充足时,洪水携带泥沙在展宽段淤积、缩窄段冲刷,河床在泥沙输移过程中整体上抬;当上游没有来沙时,河床整体呈现下切趋势。究其原因,主要在于河道饱和输沙导致河床整体淤抬,从而导致上游水位陡涨增加水面比降,床面切应力变大,从而提高河道输沙率,而宽窄河段床面起伏增大床面形态阻力,促使上游水位上涨;泥沙来量较少时,河床冲刷为主,水位下降,水面比降趋于变缓。
Abstract:Flash floods propagating in mountain rivers deliver massive sediment, resulting in significant change of riverbed topography. Particularly in the diverging-converging sections, the significant topographical change and associated flow stage rise can easily lead to high risk in flood inundation. The understanding of the characteristics of flow, sediment transport and riverbed morphological evolution is important to flood disaster prevention and mitigation. This study employed a two-dimensional hydro-morphological model to simulate the processes of flow, sediment transport and riverbed morphological evolution at diverging-converging sections in a mountain river under the change of sediment supply. The modeling results showed that when the sediment supply was sufficient, sediment tended to deposit in the widening section and be scoured in the narrowing section. This led to the overall aggradation of riverbed. Without sediment supply, the riverbed, however, showed a degradation trend. As a result of sediment supply, the water stage grew in response to bed aggradation, leading to the increase in surface gradient. This mechanism in turn maintains the capacity of sediment transport of the river by increasing the bed shear stress because of the upstream sediment supply. The present study offers significant insights that upstream sufficient sediment supply can cause the water level to rise through reshaping the bed topography of the mountain river with width variation, thus inducing the flood inundation risk in the upstream reach.
文章编号:202100134     中图分类号:TV143+.4    文献标志码:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2019YFC1510702);国家自然科学基金项目(51639007;51909178)
作者简介:第一作者:闫旭峰(1987-),男,副研究员.研究方向:水力学及河流动力学.E-mail:xufeng.yan@scu.edu.cn;通信作者:王协康,E-mail:wangxiekang@scu.edu.cn
引用文本:
闫旭峰,许泽星,孙桐,王协康.山区河流宽窄相间河段山洪水沙输移2维数值试验[J].工程科学与技术,2021,53(6):148-154.
YAN Xufeng,XU Zexing,SUN Tong,WANG Xiekang.Numerical Experiment of Flash Flood Related to Sediment Transport at Local Diverging-converging Sections in Mountainous Rivers[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2021,53(6):148-154.