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工程科学与技术:2021,53(5):110-117
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顶管注浆压力变化对地层沉降影响机理的离心模型试验
(1.同济大学 土木工程学院,上海 200082;2.中亿丰建设集团股份有限公司,江苏 苏州 215000)
Centrifugal Model Test on the Influence Mechanism of Pipe Jacking Grouting Pressure on Formation Settlement
(1.College of Civil Eng., Tongji Univ., Shanghai 200082, China;2.ZYF Construction Group Co., Ltd., Suzhou 215000, China)
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投稿时间:2020-08-31    修订日期:2021-04-28
中文摘要: 顶管工程同步注浆是减小地层扰动和最终地层沉降的一种重要手段。为研究注浆压力与顶管工程最终地层沉降的关系,在实际工程中选择合理的注浆压力和注浆量以减小顶管法对周围地层的扰动,为顶管工程同步注浆技术改进提供理论和试验支持,本文首先从土体颗粒和膨润土分子的结构特征角度对地层和泥浆的互相作用及沉降机理进行分析,提出4个沉降阶段的理论假设;然后,使用岩土工程离心机和自主研制的顶管工程注浆模拟系统进行缩尺模型试验,模拟现场不同注浆压力下的顶管顶进,通过对各组试验沉降曲线对比分析,验证理论分析部分的结论;最后,将试验中的注浆压力等相关参数应用于苏州东汇公园顶管工程,并在现场布置沉降测点,发现现场监测数据规律与试验结果吻合,进一步验证了本文的结论。研究表明:注浆后的沉降可分为土体塌陷阶段、渗透失水阶段、泥皮形成阶段和补浆抬升阶段,其中:土体塌陷阶段时间短,沉降速度快;渗透失水阶段持续时间长,总沉降量大,为地层沉降的主要部分;泥皮形成阶段,膨润土分子在泥浆–地层接触面堆积形成泥皮,浆液不再大量向地层渗透,使得地层沉降大幅减缓;最后的补浆抬升阶段,泥浆的注浆压力作用于泥皮,对上覆土产生推力,产生沉降补偿作用。注浆压力和注浆量的大小对最终地层沉降的影响很大,过小的注浆压力和注浆量会增大土体塌陷和渗透失水造成的地层沉降,而过大的注浆压力产生的过度沉降补偿作用甚至会使地表隆起。选择合理的注浆压力和注浆量对于控制地层沉降至关重要且效果显著,可应用于现场各类顶管工程。
Abstract:Pipe jacking synchronous grouting is an important method to reduce formation disturbance and final settlement. In order to obtain the relationship between the grouting pressure and the final settlement, find out the reasonable grouting pressure and grouting amount in the actual project to reduce the disturbance of the surrounding stratum, and provide theoretical and experimental supports for the improvements of the synchronous grouting technology, the stratum–mud interaction and the mechanism of settlement from the perspective of the structural characteristics of soil particles and bentonite molecules were analyzed, theoretical assumptions for the four stages of settlement were put forward. Then, the geotechnical engineering centrifuges and self-developed pipe jacking projects were used to simulate the pipe jacking under different grouting pressures on-site. Through the comparative analyses of the settlement curves, the conclusions of the theoretical analysis part were verified. Finally, the relevant parameters such as the grouting pressure in the experiment were applied to the pipe jacking project in Suzhou Donghui Park and the settlement measurement points were arranged on-site, further verified the conclusions. Researches showed that the settlement after grouting can be divided into four stages: soil collapse stage, seepage loss stage, mud skin formation stage and grout uplift stage. The soil collapse stage was short and the settlement speed was fast. Seepage loss stage lasted for a long time and the total settlement was large, which was the main part of the formation settlement. At the mud skin formation stage, the bentonite molecules accumulated on the mud–stratum contact surface to form mud skin, and the slurry was not permeated into the stratum and the settlement of the stratum slowed down. Finally, at the grout uplift stage, the grouting pressure of the mud acted on the mud skin to push the overlying soil and produce settlement compensation. The size of grouting pressure and grouting amount had a great influence on the final settlement. Small grouting pressure and grouting amount would increase the settlement caused by soil collapse and seepage loss, while large grouting pressure would cause excessive settlement compensation effect, even could cause surface uplift. Selecting a reasonable grouting pressure and grouting amount was very important and effective for controlling stratum settlement. It could be used in various pipe jacking projects on-site.
文章编号:202000744     中图分类号:U455.47    文献标志码:
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作者简介:第一作者:马险峰(1972-),男,教授,博士生导师.研究方向:岩土工程;地下结构抗震及离心模型试验.E-mail:xf.ma@tongji.edu.cn;通信作者:邹宇翔,E-mail:lancer0112@tongji.edu.cn
引用文本:
马险峰,邹宇翔,李向红,洪斌.顶管注浆压力变化对地层沉降影响机理的离心模型试验[J].工程科学与技术,2021,53(5):110-117.
MA Xianfeng,ZOU Yuxiang,LI Xianghong,HONG Bin.Centrifugal Model Test on the Influence Mechanism of Pipe Jacking Grouting Pressure on Formation Settlement[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2021,53(5):110-117.