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工程科学与技术:2021,53(4):128-139
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热补偿条件下双井EGS产能和寿命预测方法研究
(山东大学 岩土与结构工程研究中心,山东 济南 250061)
Research on Prediction Method of Productivity and Longevity of Double Wells EGS Based on Thermal Compensation
(Research Center of Geotechnical and Structural Eng., Shandong Univ., Jinan 250061, China)
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投稿时间:2020-07-06    修订日期:2020-10-20
中文摘要: 增强型地热系统(Enhanced Geothermal System,EGS)作为干热岩资源开采的有效手段,具有广阔的发展前景和巨大的利用价值,因此,对其进行产能和寿命预测显得尤为重要。为实现双井EGS产能和寿命预测,利用理论推导和数值模拟的方法对不同工况下的EGS系统进行产能分析,最终得到双井EGS产能和寿命预测方法。首先,以Dupuit公式与吸放热公式为基础,建立EGS产能和寿命控制方程,为EGS寿命预测提供理论支撑。然后,根据地下水流动方程和热传导方程,结合牛顿冷却公式,分析出影响EGS产能和寿命控制方程中4个未知参数(热储减少热量、大地热补偿热量、生产井平均产出温度和热储形状系数)的5个因素分别为热储初始温度、热媒介质注入温度、热储体积、热储比表面积和EGS运行时间。在考虑大地热补偿的情况下,利用双井EGS的3维数值模拟分别对不同工况下的热储发生热突破时各未知参数的影响因素进行分析、修正和定量化研究,得到4个未知参数随5个因素变化的具体预测公式。基于上述结果得到一种适用于双井EGS产能和寿命的预测方法,即:利用EGS产能和寿命控制方程、4个未知参数的预测公式及热储渗透率对双井EGS产能和寿命进行预测。最后,利用于双井EGS产能和寿命的预测方法预测已有文献的工况并进行比较,两者结果较吻合,证明了控制方程和预测公式的适用性和预测方法的准确性。
Abstract:As an effective means for the exploitation of Hot Dry Rock (HDR) resources, the Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) has broad development prospects and a great utilization value. Therefore, it is particularly important to predict its capacity and longevity. In order to realize the productivity and longevity prediction of the double-well EGS, the productivity and longevity prediction methods of the EGS system under different working conditions were analyzed through theoretical derivation and numerical simulation. Firstly, based on the Dupuit formula and the endothermic formula, the EGS productivity and longevity control equation was established to provide theoretical support for EGS longevity prediction. Then, according to the groundwater flow equation and the heat transfer equation, combined with the Newton’s cooling law, five factors affecting the four unknown parameters in the EGS productivity and longevity control equation were analyzed. The four unknown parameters were the reduction of thermal reserves, the amount of geothermal compensation, the average conversion temperature of production wells, and the shape coefficient of thermal reserves. The five factors obtained were the initial temperature of thermal storage, the injection temperature of thermal medium, the volume of thermal storage, the specific surface area of thermal storage, and the EGS running time. Under the condition of considering the geothermal compensation, the three parameters of EGS with double-well were used to analyze, correct and quantify the influence factors of each unknown parameter when the thermal storage breakthrough occurred, and then obtained the prediction formula of the four unknown parameters changing with the five factors. Based on the above results, a method for predicting the productivity and longevity of the double-well EGS was obtained: using the EGS productivity and life control equation, the prediction formula of four unknown parameters, and the thermal reserve permeability to predict the productivity and longevity of the double-well EGS. Finally, the prediction method of production capacity and longevity of the double-well EGS was used to predict the working conditions of the existing literature and compare them. The two results were in good agreement, which proved the applicability of the control equation and the prediction formula and the accuracy of the prediction method.
文章编号:202000556     中图分类号:P314    文献标志码:
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作者简介:第一作者:张霄(1983-),男,教授,博士生导师.研究方向:岩土工程;地下工程灾害防治;地热能源.E-mail:sduzhangxiao@sdu.edu.cn
引用文本:
张霄,孙玉学,张庆松,李相辉,尹占超,李壮,周政.热补偿条件下双井EGS产能和寿命预测方法研究[J].工程科学与技术,2021,53(4):128-139.
ZHANG Xiao,SUN Yuxue,ZHANG Qingsong,LI Xianghui,YIN Zhanchao,LI Zhuang,ZHOU Zheng.Research on Prediction Method of Productivity and Longevity of Double Wells EGS Based on Thermal Compensation[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2021,53(4):128-139.