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工程科学与技术:2020,52(1):1-8
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月球恒温层地下空间利用探索构想
(1.深圳大学 广东省深地科学与地热能开发利用重点实验室 深地科学与绿色能源研究院 土木与交通工程学院,广东 深圳 518060;2.四川大学 水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室 水利水电学院,四川 成都 610065;3.深圳大学 机电与控制工程学院,广东 深圳 518060)
Scheme of Underground Space Utilization of Lunar Thermostatic Layer
(1.Guangdong Provincial Key Lab. of Deep Earth Sci. and Geothermal Energy Exploitation and Utilization, Inst. of Deep Earth Sci. and Green Energy, College of Civil and Transportation Eng., Shenzhen Univ., Shenzhen 518060, China;2.State Key Lab. of Hydraulics and Mountain River Eng., College of Water Resource & Hydropower, Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China;3.College of Mechatronics and Control Eng., Shenzhen Univ., Shenzhen 518060, China)
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投稿时间:2019-12-10    修订日期:2019-12-18
中文摘要: 开展月球资源探测与地下空间利用是人类探索月球、将月球纳入人类活动范围的重要举措。本文从月球地质结构特性及月球表面温度变化特征入手,综合考虑月球纬度、月壤/月岩导热性能等要素,针对月球恒温层的恒温特性及随纬度变化的温度涵盖范围,提出了在月球恒温层开发月球地下人类基地、月球地下轨道交通、月球生命体存储、月球原位热能存储等月球地下空间利用构想。针对所提出的月球恒温层利用构想,设计了月球地下人类基地空间支护与搭建、基于电磁技术的月球地下飞行式轨道交通、可温度调节式月球战略储备库、基于月岩/月壤导热差异的原位热能存储等技术实施方案。基于上述构想及技术方案,本文系统总结了月球恒温层地下空间利用需突破的技术挑战和面临的关键科学问题。本研究将为未来建立月球人类基地及月球地下空间利用提供技术参考。
Abstract:The exploration of lunar resources and the utilization of lunar underground spaces are important steps for human beings to explore the moon and incorporate the moon into the scope of human activities. Based on the geological features of the moon and the temperature characteristics of lunar surface, integrated considering the factors such as the lunar latitude, the thermal conductivity of lunar soil/rock, the temperature characteristics of the lunar thermostatic layer and the latitude-dependent temperature range, the schemes of lunar underground human bases, lunar underground rail transit, lunar organism storage, and lunar thermal energy storage in the lunar thermostatic layer were proposed. Aiming at the proposed use scheme of the lunar thermostatic layer, technical implementation schemes for the space support and construction of the lunar underground human base, the lunar underground rail transit based on electromagnetic technology, the temperature-adjustable lunar strategic reserve, and thermal storage in situ based on the difference in thermal conductivity between lunar rock and soil were designed. Based on the above-mentioned schemes and technologies, this paper systematically summarized the technical challenges and key scientific problems facing in the underground space utilization of the lunar thermostatic layer. The researches provide technical solutions for the future establishment of lunar human bases and lunar underground space utilization.
文章编号:201901181     中图分类号:    文献标志码:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金委重大科研仪器研制项目(51827901)
作者简介:谢和平(1956-),男,中国工程院院士.研究方向:岩石力学与工程.E-mail:xiehp@szu.edu.cn
引用文本:
谢和平,张国庆,李存宝.月球恒温层地下空间利用探索构想[J].工程科学与技术,2020,52(1):1-8.
XIE Heping,ZHANG Guoqing,LI Cunbao.Scheme of Underground Space Utilization of Lunar Thermostatic Layer[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2020,52(1):1-8.