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工程科学与技术:2019,51(4):55-68
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Slope Stability Analyses of Outang Landslide Based on the Peak and Residual Shear Strength Behavior
(Dept. of Civil Eng., Univ. of Ottawa, Ottawa K1N6N5, Canada)
Slope Stability Analyses of Outang Landslide Based on the Peak and Residual Shear Strength Behavior
(Dept. of Civil Eng., Univ. of Ottawa, Ottawa K1N6N5, Canada)
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投稿时间:2019-03-28    修订日期:2019-06-02
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Abstract:Most of the natural and compacted fine-grained soil slopes that are in saturated or unsaturated condition undergo a large deformation prior to reaching failure conditions. Such slopes should be designed taking account of their strain-softening behavior using the residual shear strength (RSS) parameters. In this paper, the slope stability of a recently reactivated Outang landslide near the Three Gorges Dam in China is analyzed based on the RSS parameters of unsaturated soils. In addition, comparisons are provided in the FOS values of slope using both the peak shear strength (PSS) and RSS parameters. Firstly, a series of site investigations of the hydrologic and geologic conditions, ground surface displacements and cracks were described. The PSS and RSS behaviors of the sliding soils derived from a series of direct shear test results performed on saturated and unsaturated soil specimens are summarized. Secondly, a series of slope stability analysis were conducted considering the precipitation and Yangtze River water level variation within a representative period of 7 months, based on the PSS and the RSS properties. In this study, three different scenarios were considered, which include: i) considering only the precipitation with a constant water level; ii) considering only the decrease in water level without rainfall; iii) considering the combination of precipitation and decrease in water level. In each scenario, four steps were included to calculate the values of factor of safety (FOS) at different times. 1) A steady-state seepage analysis was conducted with a constant total head at 525 m on the left boundary and 175 m on the slope surface below the Yangtze River water level. The initial pore water pressures were simulated in the slope under no precipitation and variation of water level. 2) A specific boundary condition was applied on the slope surface to model the precipitation and Yangtze River water level variation. A transient seepage analysis was conducted to calculate pore water pressures at different times based on the initial pore water pressures. 3) The FOS values at different times were calculated by the Morgenstern-Price method taking account of the variation of pore water pressures at different times, using the peak shear strength (PSS) parameters. 4) The last step was repeated replacing PSS parameters with RSS parameters. The RSS parameters were lower than the peak values from laboratory’s direct shear test results for the soils in the sliding zones. The reduction in shear strength from peak to residual state under unsaturated soil condition was greater than that for a saturated soil. The FOS decreased almost linearly with time for the scenario in which only the influence of rainfall infiltration was considered. However, the total reduction in the FOS was relatively small. The FOS decreased rapidly at a linear rate with respect to time with a decrease in water level for the scenario in which Yangtze River water level decrease was considered. The FOS reached to a relatively constant value after Yangtze River water level reached the lowest value. The decrease in Yangtze River water level was the dominant factor that contributed to a reduction in the FOS. The FOS was strongly dependent on the development of the phreatic line after the Yangtze River water level reached the lowest value. The FOS calculated by RSS (i.e. FOSR) is less than unity; they were approximately 16% lower in comparison to that calculated by PSS (FOSP). If PSS parameters were used, the slope would still be stable even under the combined influence of precipitation and Yangtze River water level decrease. These results are inconsistent with the field observations. For this reason, the RSS parameters should be taken into account to evaluate reliably the slope stability of the Outang landslide.
文章编号:201900273     中图分类号:P642.22    文献标志码:
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作者简介:YANG Xiuhan(1992-),Male,PhD student.Research direction:Unsaturated soil mechanics.E-mail:xyang109@uottawa.ca
引用文本:
YANG Xiuhan,VANAPALLI Sai.Slope Stability Analyses of Outang Landslide Based on the Peak and Residual Shear Strength Behavior[J].工程科学与技术,2019,51(4):55-68.
YANG Xiuhan,VANAPALLI Sai.Slope Stability Analyses of Outang Landslide Based on the Peak and Residual Shear Strength Behavior[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2019,51(4):55-68.