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工程科学与技术:2019,51(3):9-16
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纤维素基功能材料
(四川大学 化学工程学院, 四川 成都 610065)
Cellulose-based Functional Materials
(College of Chemical Eng., Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China)
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投稿时间:2018-09-16    修订日期:2019-04-01
中文摘要: 纤维素是地球上最为丰富的生物质资源,具有易降解、可再生、无毒性且廉价易得等优点,可以代替石化资源生产各种高附加值功能材料。从纤维素资源利用出发,综述了近年来纤维素基功能材料的最新研究进展,重点介绍4种主要形态纤维素材料的功能及其应用。内容包括:纤维素多孔微球合成和孔结构调控,及其在吸附分离和药物释放领域的研究进展;纤维素水凝胶和气凝胶及其在医用、诊断、电极、分离材料领域的最新开发与应用进展;其他纤维素基功能材料,如高透光度和高韧性的纤维素膜、高韧性和可编织性的纤维素纤维材料,以及在纺织、光电及智能材料领域的应用。最后对纤维素基功能材料的未来发展提出一些设想,并讨论了在发展过程中面临的关键科学问题,为纤维素基功能材料下一步的研发和应用提供有价值的参考和指导。
Abstract:Cellulose, as the most abundant renewable resource on earth, is an ideal raw material for producing various functional materials, because of its biodegradability, biocompatibility, non-toxicity, low-cost, environmental friendliness and safety risks. Based on the utilization of cellulose resources, the review introduced the recent advances in cellulose-based functional materials, focusing on the function and application of four major morphological cellulose materials:including research progress in the field of adsorption separation and protein immobilization based on unique spherical spatial configuration and network structure of cellulose microspheres. Research progress in the fields of medical, intelligent, electrode and separation materials based on the superior biocompatibility of cellulose hydrogel and the three-dimensional porous structure of cellulose aerogel. Research progress in the field of high performance plastics, optoelectronics and smart materials based on high transparency and toughness of cellulose film. Research progress in the field of textiles and electronic materials based on the high toughness, woven, and low density of cellulose fibers. Finally, the perspectives for the future development of cellulose-based materials were put forward, and the key scientific problems that need to be solved in the application-oriented research process of the above four morphological cellulose-based functional materials were discussed. We hope that this work could provide valuable reference and guidance for future design and application on functional cellulose-based materials.
文章编号:201801006     中图分类号:    文献标志码:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(21476144)
作者简介:杜开峰(1979-),教授,博士.研究方向:色谱材料与柱技术.E-mail:kfdu@scu.edu.cn
引用文本:
杜开峰,乔亮智.纤维素基功能材料[J].工程科学与技术,2019,51(3):9-16.
DU Kaifeng,QIAO Liangzhi.Cellulose-based Functional Materials[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2019,51(3):9-16.