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工程科学与技术:2019,51(1):96-103
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开闸式异重流3维运动现象及不确定度研究
(浙江大学 海洋学院, 浙江 舟山 316021)
Study of Three-dimensional Motion and Uncertainty on Lock-exchange Gravity Current
(Ocean College, Zhejiang Univ., Zhoushan 316021, China)
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投稿时间:2018-01-11    修订日期:2018-06-02
中文摘要: 异重流在自然界和工程界非常普遍,对人类工业生产及生活具有重要的影响。利用两台高速摄相机从侧视及顶视记录开闸式异重流3维运动形态,通过重复性试验分析异重流头部位置、速度、高度及角度的不确定度(采用变异系数衡量),研究与异重流3维运动的关联性。由试验顶视图结果可知,异重流头部位置存在横向差异,异重流运动确实存在3维现象。异重流横向扩散不均匀和水槽边壁摩擦阻力的差异是造成异重流存在3维运动现象的根本原因,不确定度正是因为异重流3维运动而存在,这与试验观测到的异重流头部平面形态由波瓣和沟裂组成的现象一致。试验表明:在所研究时刻及盐度下,头部位置、速度、高度和角度均服从正态分布。当异重流处于加速阶段,头部位置和速度的变异系数随时间迅速递减,减速阶段则维持在定值附近,且变异系数均小于6%;头部高度和角度的变异系数在运动过程中始终维持在定值附近。由试验结果可知,异重流自身3维运动现象所导致的头部位置或速度的不确定度,约等于平均头部位置或速度的5%~6%,可作为日后进行单次异重流试验量测时不确定度的参考依据。
中文关键词: 异重流  3维效应  重复性试验  不确定度
Abstract:Gravity currents encountered in both natural environment and engineering applications have important influence on industrial production and life. In this paper, two high-speed digital cameras (one is from the top view and the other one is from the side view) were employed to obtain the three-dimensional motions of lock-exchange gravity current through a large number of repetitive experiments, i.e. these experiments were carried out under the same conditions. The front location, speed, height, and angles of the gravity current and their uncertainties were analyzed, and the effects of three-dimensional current motions on these uncertainties were investigated. The images from the top-view show that the density current head positions across the flume are different, indicating the presence of the three-dimensional motions in gravity current. The results show that the gravity current is composed of lobes and clefs, and the three-dimensional patterns of current motions from the lateral diffusion and the friction from the wall may be the cause of the uncertainty for current motions. The front location, speed, height, and angles of gravity current follow normal distributions at the selected time. The uncertainties of these parameters were measured by the coefficient of variation (COV). For the front locations, the COV values decreases rapidly in the initial stage, and decreases below 6% slowly in the subsequent stage. The COV values for the front speed also rapidly reduces and then maintains a near constant value, approximately equal to 5%. Based upon the experimental results, the uncertainty for the front location or speed of gravity currents due to the three-dimensional gravity current motions will be approximately 5%~6% of the averaged front location or current speed, which can be used as a reference value for future individual measurement.
文章编号:201800041     中图分类号:TV145.2    文献标志码:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2016YFC0402406);国家自然科学基金资助项目(11672267);浙江省教育厅科研项目资助(Y201432286);舟山市科技计划项目浙江大学海洋学院专项资助(2018C81034)
作者简介:林颖典(1976-),男,副教授,博士.研究方向:异重流.E-mail:kevinlin@zju.edu.cn
引用文本:
林颖典,熊杰,袁野平.开闸式异重流3维运动现象及不确定度研究[J].工程科学与技术,2019,51(1):96-103.
LIN Yingdian,XIONG Jie,YUAN Yeping.Study of Three-dimensional Motion and Uncertainty on Lock-exchange Gravity Current[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2019,51(1):96-103.