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工程科学与技术:2018,50(6):205-211
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基于分数阶全变差和自适应正则化参数的图像去模糊
(1.四川大学 电气信息学院, 四川 成都 610065;2.中国核动力研究设计院, 四川 成都 610213)
Image Deblurring Method with Fractional-order Total Variation and Adaptive Regularization Parameters
(1.School of Electrical Eng. and Info., Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China;2.Nuclear Power Inst. of China, Chengdu 610213, China)
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投稿时间:2017-11-29    修订日期:2018-08-09
中文摘要: 为更好地复原图像的纹理细节,避免求解图像去模糊模型时面临正则化参数难以选择的问题,提出了一种基于分数阶全变差(FOTV)模型和自适应更新正则化参数的非盲去模糊图像重建方法。首先,在分析不同分数阶下FOTV的幅频响应特性的基础上,采用不同分数阶次的FOTV模型约束图像的平滑(低频)部分和纹理细节(高频)部分,从而建立图像非盲去模糊重建模型。其次,为了有效地求解重建模型和实现两个正则化参数的自适应更新,采用交替方向乘子法(ADMM)将原本含有两个正则化参数的复杂问题分解成两个相对容易的子问题进行求解,每个子问题只含一个正则化参数。最后,根据偏差准则,在迭代求解过程中实现了两个正则化参数的自适应更新。将所提算法应用于包含平滑、边缘和纹理细节的多幅图像中,测试4种不同模糊核下的去模糊效果;与传统的4种去模糊算法相比,实验结果表明所提算法能自适应地更新两个正则化参数,对于纹理细节适中的图像具有较好的去模糊效果。
Abstract:In order to better recovery texture details of images, avoid the difficulty of selecting the regularization parameters when solving the image deblurring model, a novel non-blind image deblurring method by using fractional order TV (FOTV) and adaptive estimation of two regularization parameters was proposed in this paper. First, after analyzing the amplitude-frequency response of FOTV, different fractional orders of FOTV were set to the smooth (low-frequency) part and texture (high-frequency) part of the desired image, respectively, and a model of image non-blind reconstruction was modeled. Second, to effectively solve the reconstruction model and adaptively update two regularization parameters, the alternating direction multiplier method (ADMM) was used to separate the originally complex problem with two regularization parameters into two easy sub-problems. Each sub-problem has only one regularization parameter. Finally, according to the discrepancy principle, the two regularization parameters were adaptively updated and two sub-problems were solved. To test the effect of deblurring with four blurring kernels, the proposed algorithm has been applied to multiple images with smooth, edge and texture details. Compared with four traditional deblurring algorithms, the experimental results showed that the proposed algorithm can adaptively update two regularization parameters and has better deblurring performance for images with moderate texture details.
文章编号:201700972     中图分类号:TP391    文献标志码:
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作者简介:杨晓梅(1973-),女,副教授,博士.研究方向;医学图像重建;计算机视觉.E-mail:yangxiaomei@scu.edu.cn
引用文本:
杨晓梅,向雨晴,刘亚男,郑秀娟.基于分数阶全变差和自适应正则化参数的图像去模糊[J].工程科学与技术,2018,50(6):205-211.
YANG Xiaomei,XIANG Yuqing,LIU Yanan,ZHENG Xiujuan.Image Deblurring Method with Fractional-order Total Variation and Adaptive Regularization Parameters[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2018,50(6):205-211.