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工程科学与技术:2019,51(1):236-240
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乏油状态下准双曲面齿轮传动润滑机理分析
(1.四川大学 空天科学与工程学院, 四川 成都 610065;2.重庆大学 机械工程学院, 重庆 400044;3.贵州群建精密机械有限公司, 贵州 遵义 563003)
Analysis on Lubrication Behavior of Hypoid Gears Under Starved Condition
(1.School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China;2.College of Mechanical Eng., Chongqing Univ., Chongqing 400044, China;3.Guizhou Group Construction Precision Machinery Co., Ltd, Zunyi 563003, China)
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投稿时间:2017-10-24    修订日期:2018-09-10
中文摘要: 在工程实际中,准双曲面齿轮不可避免地因润滑剂供给不足导致乏油问题,鉴于此,综合考虑了啮合区接触几何、粗糙形貌、入口区供油量、啮合界面速度矢量任意性等因素,建立了乏油状态下准双曲面齿轮传动界面任意速度矢量润滑分析模型,开展了乏油分析模型结果与文献实验数据的对比研究,数值分析了不同入口区供油量条件下准双曲面齿轮传动界面啮入点、啮合中点和啮出点的油膜演变规律,探讨了转速对不同供油量条件下传动界面润滑性能的影响。结果表明:乏油分析模型结果与文献实验数据取得了良好的一致性;随着入口区供油量的减小,3个啮合点油膜厚度的差异逐渐减小,当供油量减小到某一值时,3个啮合位置的油膜厚度基本一致;在不同的供油量下,转速对润滑状态的影响较为显著,油膜厚度随着转速的增加而升高,但是,转速升高到某一值时,乏油条件下的油膜厚度值将趋于稳定,而充分供油条件下的油膜厚度值将会继续增大。
中文关键词: 准双曲面齿轮  乏油  油膜
Abstract:In engineering practice, the starvation may occur due to insufficient supply of lubricant in hypoid gears. Therefore, a starved elastohydrodynamic lubrication model for hypoid gears was developed with the consideration of contact geometry, surface roughness, inlet oil layer thickness, and arbitrary entrainment velocity vector of interface. Model validation was executed by means of comparison between the obtained numerical results and the available starved EHL data found from some previous studies. A comprehensive analysis for the effect of inlet oil supply condition on film thickness at engaging-in, engaging-out and pitch point was conducted in a wide range of operating conditions. In addition, the influence of speed on lubrication performance under different inlet oil supply condition was obtained. The results showed that the comparison between numerical and experimental results demonstrates a good agreement. It was indicated that the difference of film thickness among the three meshing point are getting smaller when the amount of lubricant in the inlet decreased. If the inlet oil layer thickness is reduced down to a certain value, the film thickness of the three meshing points would be the same. Besides, the speed has significant effect on the lubrication behavior. The film thickness gradually increases with the increase of the speed, if the speed keeps getting greater, the film thickness would remain constant under starved condition while the film thickness would keep rising under fully flooded condition.
文章编号:201700896     中图分类号:TH132    文献标志码:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2017YFB1300600);国家自然科学基金资助项目(51475051;51435001);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(YJ201752)
作者简介:蒲伟(1989-),男,副教授,博士.研究方向:高性能齿轮传动与摩擦学.E-mail:pwei@scu.edu.cn
引用文本:
蒲伟,汪巨基,肖科,王家序,龙见炳,申曙光.乏油状态下准双曲面齿轮传动润滑机理分析[J].工程科学与技术,2019,51(1):236-240.
PU Wei,WANG Juji,XIAO Ke,WANG Jiaxu,LONG Jianbing,SHEN Shuguang.Analysis on Lubrication Behavior of Hypoid Gears Under Starved Condition[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2019,51(1):236-240.