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工程科学与技术:2019,51(1):222-228
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反向式行星滚柱丝杠承载分布及寿命分析
(四川大学 制造科学与工程学院, 四川 成都 610065)
Load Distribution and Life Prediction of Inverted Planetary Roller Screw
(School of Manufacturing Sci. and Eng., Sichuan Univ., Chengdu 610065, China)
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投稿时间:2017-10-19    修订日期:2018-06-04
中文摘要: 反向式行星滚柱丝杠是一种承载能力强,精度高、寿命长的直线传动机构。目前国内外对该机构的研究较少且不能综合分析不同承载条件下各结构参数对载荷分布及疲劳寿命的影响。因此,作者建立了其载荷分布、轴向变形和寿命的计算模型。在柱面坐标系中分别建立丝杠、滚柱和螺母的曲面方程;利用曲面啮合理论求出IPRS一个节距内滚柱分别与丝杠和螺母的啮合点;依据曲面方程和啮合点位置,利用赫兹接触理论建立啮合面接触变形的精确计算方式。根据赫兹变形、组件轴向变形及螺牙变形的几何关系建立载荷分布计算模型,并依据该模型得出特定参数下IPRS承载端的轴向变变形;依据求出的载荷分布、基于Lundberg-Palmgren方程建立寿命评估模型。将承载端轴向变形计算结果与实验数据对比,验证了该模型的准确性。针对关键参数于IPRS性能的影响进行分析,结果表明:载荷分布主要受螺牙数目、滚柱数目和螺旋角的影响,偏载率随着三者增加而增大;轴向刚度受滚柱数目、螺牙数目、螺旋角和螺母外径影响较大,其随滚柱数目和螺母外径的增大而增大,随螺牙数目和螺旋角的增大先增大后减小;接触疲劳寿命受滚柱数目、牙型半径、螺牙数目和接触角影响较大,其随着滚柱数目、牙型半径、螺牙数目的增大而增大,随着接触角的增大而减小。
Abstract:Inverted planetary roller screw (IPRS) is a kind of linear transmission mechanism which has advantages of high load carrying capability, long fatigue life, high transmission accuracy and low noise. Due to these advantages, it has wide application prospect in the fields of aerospace, weapon equipment, CNC machine tools and petrochemical industry. Up to the present, there is little research about this mechanism. Therefore, a model was derived to calculate load distribution, axial deformation and contact fatigue life. Firstly, surface equation of screw, roller and nut was established. Based on Surface meshing theory, the meshing points of the roller with the screw and nut in a pitch were derived respectively. According to the surface equations and the location of contact points, an accurate method to calculate the elastic deformaion between the meshing surface was derived. Secondly, A model of IPRS's load distribution was obtained based on the geometric relationships between Hertz deformation, thread deformation and axial deformation. Based on its load distribution condition and motion principle, a fatigue life model was deduced using Lundberg-Palmgren equation. Then, a program was compiled in the MATLAB Environmet to calculate load distribution axial deformation and contact fatigue life. By comparing calculationg result with the expriments, the load distribution and axial deformation model was verified. The influence of the key parameters on the performance of IPRS was analyzed and the following results were derived. The load distribution was mainly influenced by the number of teeth, the number of rollers and the helix angle, and increased with the increases of these three factors. The axial stiffness was mainly influenced by the number of teeth, the number of rollers, the helix angle and the outer diameter of the nut, and increased with the increases of the number of rollers and the outer diameter of the nut, increased first and then decreased with the increase of the number of teeth and the helix angle. The contact fatigue life was mainly influenced by the number of teeth, the number of rollers, the contact angle and the radius of thread profile, and increased with the increases of the number of teeth, the number of rollers and the radius of thread profile, decreased with the increase of contact angle.
文章编号:201700872     中图分类号:TH132.1    文献标志码:
基金项目:2016年智能制造新模式应用项目资助(bwqt-005-gxb);四川省科技支撑计划项目资助(2016GZ0165;2016GZ0009)
作者简介:殷国富(1956-),教授,博士生导师.研究方向:智能制造和增材制造技术.E-mail:gfyin@scu.edu.cn
引用文本:
殷国富,宋俨轩,殷鸣,谢罗峰,赵秀粉.反向式行星滚柱丝杠承载分布及寿命分析[J].工程科学与技术,2019,51(1):222-228.
YIN Guofu,SONG Yanxuan,YIN Ming,XIE Luofeng,ZHAO Xiufen.Load Distribution and Life Prediction of Inverted Planetary Roller Screw[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2019,51(1):222-228.