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工程科学与技术:2015,47(6):77-83
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泥石流内部流速分布规律实验研究
(1.中科院成都山地灾害与环境研究所;2.中国科学院山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室/中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所;3.中国科学院青藏高原地球科学卓越创新中心)
Experimental Investigation on the Inner Distribution of Debris Flow Velocity
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投稿时间:2015-04-08    修订日期:2015-06-17
中文摘要: 泥石流内部速度是泥石流动力学分析与防治工程设计中最重要的参数之一。本文以粘度较高的丙烯酸树脂与乙酸乙脂混合液模拟泥石流的粘性,以粒径均匀的玻璃微珠作为两相流的固相颗粒,利用PIV流场测量系统,研究了含砂水流与泥石流中颗粒运动过程、垂向流速分布规律;借助高桥堡水石流固体颗粒流速分布模型,计算了不同颗粒粒径条件下泥石流垂向流速分布,并与前人的研究成果进行比较,结果表明:流体粘性较高条件下,颗粒在整个过流断面上分布更均匀,实验中垂向流速测量结果与高桥堡模型计算值吻合良好(u/us>0.3),而与含砂水流条件下的测量结果差异明显。两相流中固体颗粒垂线流速分布是否存在反“S”曲线分布,主要与流体的粘性及颗粒在液相中分布的均匀程度有关。
Abstract:Abstract:Velocity in debris flow is one of the most important parameters for dynamic analysis and design of debris flow control works. In order to investigate the velocity profile along flow depth for particle phase and liquid phase in debris flows, the mixture of two organic liquids (Acrylic acid Polymers and ethyl acetate) was used to monitor the high viscosity of debris flow. The glass beads with uniform particle size were used as solid phase in debris flows. Both particle and liquid velocity components were investigated by PIV (Particle Image Velocimetry) measurement system under the condition of sediment flows and debris flows, respectively. The Takahashi model for the particle velocity distribution in debris flows was employed to calibrate the experimental results obtained by former researchers and measured by PIV measurement system in the experiments. The results indicated that the mixture liquid with higher viscosity produced a more uniform distribution of the particles along the flow depth. The experimental data measured by PIV system were in good agreement with the ones calculated by Takahashi model in debris flows (u/us>0.3). However, the data did not match the formers’ ones in sediment flows. It indicated that the shape of particle velocity profile along flow depth was mainly determined by the fluid viscosity and the uniformity of particles distributed in the flows.
文章编号:201500323     中图分类号:    文献标志码:
基金项目:中国科学院重点部署项目“泥石流动力学过程及其调控模拟”(KZZD-EW-05-01);国家自然科学基金项目“泥石流拦砂坝溢流口几何形状对坝后冲刷与消能的影响”(51209195);国家自然科学基金项目“第三极地球系统中水体的多相态转换及其影响”(41190084)
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陈华勇,胡凯衡,崔 鹏,周公旦.泥石流内部流速分布规律实验研究[J].工程科学与技术,2015,47(6):77-83.
Chen huayong,Hu Kuaiheng,Cui Peng,Zhou Gongdan.Experimental Investigation on the Inner Distribution of Debris Flow Velocity[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2015,47(6):77-83.