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工程科学与技术:2013,45(6):58-66
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缺资料地区农村面源污染评估方法研究
(1.四川大学 水利水电学院;2.四川大学 水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室;3.昆明理工大学 电力学院;4.云南省水利水电勘测设计研究院 规划分院;5.昆明理工大学 城市学院)
Study on Rural Non-point Source Pollution Assessment Method of Regions with Sparse Data
(1.College of Water Resources and Hydropower,Sichuan Univ.;2.State Key Lab. of Hydraulics and Mountain River Eng.,Sichuan Univ.;3.Faculty of Electric Power Eng.,Kunming Univ. of Sci. and Technol.;4.Planning and Design Branch,Yunnan Provincial Water Conservancy and Hydropower Survey and Design Inst.;5.City College,Kunming Univ. of Sci. and Technol.)
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投稿时间:2013-06-20    修订日期:2013-08-29
中文摘要: 为了解决缺资料地区的农村面源污染难以定量模拟和综合评估的问题,将输出系数法(the export coefficient model)和源强系数法(source strength coefficient method)进行联合,建立了一套简单、实用的农村面源(非点源)污染评估方法。结合文献和研究区——濑溪河流域(泸县境内部分)的调查数据提出相应的模型系数,进行研究区的农村面源污染评估,得到研究区主要污染类型、主要污染物、主要污染源、重点治理乡镇以及各镇主要污染源,同时,根据该评估结果提出水污染治理对策建议。结果表明,所提出的方法适用于缺资料地区的农村面源污染评估。
Abstract:In order to resolve the difficulty of the quantitative simulation and integrated assessment of rural non-point sources pollution(RNPSP) in regions with sparse data,a simple and practical RNPSP assessment method was developed by combining the export coefficient model(ECM) and source strength coefficient method(SSCM).The corresponding coefficients were selected based on the analysis of the literatures and field survey data.This method and the coefficients were applied to the RNPSP assessment for the Laixi River basin(the part within the Lu county,Sichuan,China),a region with sparse data for coefficient calibration,and the assessments of the dominant pollution source type,key pollutants and key pollution sources of the study area,key towns for pollution treatment,and key pollution sources for each town were obtained.Finally,reasonable and practical suggestions were proposed for the water pollution treatment according to the assessment results.The results showed that the proposed method can be applied to the RNPSP assessment for the regions with sparse data.
文章编号:201300643     中图分类号:    文献标志码:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上资助项目(50979062);国家科技部国际合作项目(2012DFG21780);四川省环境保护厅科技项目(11HBT-01);四川大学国家基本科研业务费项目(2010SCU22005)
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张洪波,李俊,黎小东,刘星,陈欣,刘娟,敖天其.缺资料地区农村面源污染评估方法研究[J].工程科学与技术,2013,45(6):58-66.
Zhang Hongbo,Li Jun,Li Xiaodong,Liu Xing,Chen Xin,Liu Juan,Ao Tianqi.Study on Rural Non-point Source Pollution Assessment Method of Regions with Sparse Data[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2013,45(6):58-66.