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工程科学与技术:2013,45(6):67-73
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窄深式矩形明渠紊流流速分布规律研究
(西北农林科技大学 水利水电工程研究所)
Study on Velocity Profile of Turbulent Fluid in Narrow Deep Type Rectangular Channel
(Inst. of Water Resources and Hydropower Eng.,Northwest A&F Univ.)
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投稿时间:2013-05-05    修订日期:2013-10-08
中文摘要: 针对目前明渠流速分布计算中所存在的问题,考虑窄深式矩形渠道流速分布受侧壁影响大,选取能反映侧壁处竖向流速分布规律的抛物线形式,根据3维雷诺方程,建立了矩形渠道的紊流数学物理模型,推导出了水流受侧壁影响下的全断面流速分布公式和平均流速横向分布公式。通过矩形水槽实验,验证表明,在y/h>0.2时,侧壁处的测点误差都在6%左右,渠道中心区域误差在3%以内;但在y/h<0.2时,误差比较大,最大误差达10%。与以往紊流公式相比,精度较高,物理意义更加明确,表明本公式能较好地反映紊流流速分布特性,具有较高的理论意义和实用价值。
中文关键词: 流速分布  矩形渠道  紊流  雷诺方程  抛物线
Abstract:To explore velocity distribution of turbulent flow in rectangular channel under the influence of sidewall, the comparison and analysis of the main formula of velocity distribution which are applicable to rectangular channel in current were presented and the advantages and disadvantages were listed.The parabolic distribution was selected which reflects vertical velocity distribution near sidewall well.According to the three-dimensional Reynolds equation,a model of mathematical physics on turbulence was created. Cross-sectional velocity distribution formula and average velocity transverse distribution formula under the influence of side-wall were deduced.Ify/h>0.2,the relative error between measured value and calculated value is less than or equal to 3% in channel central region,and the relative error is at about 6% in side-wall region.If y/h<0.2,the maximal error between measured value and calculated value is about 10%.The formula can reflect velocity distribution along the vertical and horizontal well,which has important theoretical significance and practical value.
文章编号:201300408     中图分类号:    文献标志码:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51179164);国家科技支撑计划资助项目(2012BAD10B02)
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引用文本:
谭显文,王正中,赵延风,赵春龙,高歌.窄深式矩形明渠紊流流速分布规律研究[J].工程科学与技术,2013,45(6):67-73.
Tan Xianwen,Wang Zhengzhong,Zhao Yanfeng,Zhao Chunlong,Gao Ge.Study on Velocity Profile of Turbulent Fluid in Narrow Deep Type Rectangular Channel[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2013,45(6):67-73.