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工程科学与技术:2012,44(6):92-96
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试样尺寸对粗粒土强度及变形试验影响研究
(1.河海大学 岩土力学与堤坝工程教育部重点实验室;2.河海大学 岩土工程研究所;3.宏润建设集团股份有限公司)
Study on Effect of Specimen Size upon Strength and Deformation Behaviour of Coarse-grained Soil in Triaxial Test
(1.Key Lab. of Ministry of Education for Geomechanics and Embankment Eng.,Hohai Univ.;2.Geotechnical Research Inst.,Hohai Univ.;3.Hongrun Construction Group Co., Ltd)
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投稿时间:2012-05-15    修订日期:2012-07-23
中文摘要: 对某堆石料进行了3种(大、中、小)不同直径试样的三轴固结排水剪切试验,研究在不同试样尺寸下粗粒土的应力-应变及强度特性差异,初步探讨了试样尺寸大小对应力-应变及强度性质的影响。结果表明:不同尺寸大小的试样所测定的应力-应变关系及剪胀性相似,但量值大小有差异;对相同围压下同一种级配粗粒土,较小尺寸试样峰值强度高于较大尺寸试样的强度,随着试样尺寸的增大,增加幅度呈减小趋势;低围压下试样直径变化引起的摩擦角测定值变化较大,高围压下直径影响变小。对应1%应变的割线杨氏模量和体积模量随试样大小有一定程度的变化,其变化规律有待更多试验验证。
Abstract:The conventional consolidated drained triaxial compression tests with three specimen dimensions were performed, and difference of the stress-strain behavior and shear strength between specimens at different sizes of a coarse-grained soil were investigated. The effect of specimen size on the behavior was studied. The test results showed that the stress-strain relation and the dilatancy for specimens with different size exhibit similar behavior, and the value is different. For the soil with the same cell pressure and gradation, the peak deviatoric stress of smaller specimen is higher than that of larger specimen, and the difference of the peak deviatoric stress decreases with the increase of specimen size. At lower cell pressure, variation of specimen size induces larger change of friction angle, and at higher pressure, the effect of specimen size on the angle becomes small. The Young’s modulus and bulk modulus also change with the specimen size, and the law is to be verified by more test results.
文章编号:201200368     中图分类号:    文献标志码:
基金项目:住房和城乡建设部科学技术计划项目(2012-K3-9);国家杰出青年科学基金资助项目(50825901);高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金资助项目(20110094110002)
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朱俊高,刘忠,翁厚洋,吴中凡,傅海燕.试样尺寸对粗粒土强度及变形试验影响研究[J].工程科学与技术,2012,44(6):92-96.
Zhu Jungao,Liu Zhong,Weng Houyang,Wu Zhongfan,Fu Haiyan.Study on Effect of Specimen Size upon Strength and Deformation Behaviour of Coarse-grained Soil in Triaxial Test[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2012,44(6):92-96.