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工程科学与技术:2009,41(Z1):51-55
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虹口高原大桥的破坏机制分析
(四川大学 水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室,四川大学 水利水电学院,四川 成都 610065)
Analysis of Damage Mechanism of Gaoyuan Bridge in Hongkou
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中文摘要: 摘要:基于汶川地震现场考察资料,分析了都江堰市虹口乡高原大桥的破坏机制。分析表明: 大桥的破坏模式与震区大部分梁式桥因强烈的震动而破坏不同,场地效应表现更为明显,大桥地基与上部结构之间存在明显的刚度差,两者在地震作用下的位移不协调则是大桥被破坏的主要原因。地震期间桥面向右岸整体移位1.8 m。鉴于龙门山地区断层活动主要以逆冲压缩为主,灾后重建过程中桥址的选择尽量避开场地地质效应突出的区域,在桥梁结构类型的选择应因地制宜,简支梁桥应有必要的防落梁构造装置,以增强桥梁的容灾性。
Abstract:Based on field reconnaissance, the damage mechanism of Gaoyuan bridge in Dujiangyan city was analyzed. Results showed that the failure mode of Gaoyuan bridge was quite different from most girder bridges failed by strong shake effect in the earthquake hit area and site effect was more prominent. There existed a great stiffness difference between its structure and foundation, and its deformation inconformity was the major reason for its failure. The bridge face moved 1.8 meters to the right bank during the earthquake, which resulted in the falling down of its beam. Considering the thrust mode of Longmenshan faults, during the reconstruction the bridge site should be located in places with no strong site effect, bridge type should also conform with its geological background and necessary beam fell prevention structure should also be taken into account to increase its seismic resistance capability.
文章编号:20090306     中图分类号:    文献标志码:
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)资助项目(2002CB412702, 2002CB412705);国家自然科学基金重点项目(50639100)和面上项目(50579042);四川省科技支撑计划资助项目(2008SZ0156)
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谢和平,台佳佳,邓建辉.虹口高原大桥的破坏机制分析[J].工程科学与技术,2009,41(Z1):51-55.
.Analysis of Damage Mechanism of Gaoyuan Bridge in Hongkou[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2009,41(Z1):51-55.