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工程科学与技术:2007,39(4):35-39
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砂堆雪崩幂律分布现象的解释
(1.中国石油大学储运与建筑工程学院, 山东 东营 257061;2.西南交通大学 土木工程学院, 四川 成都 610031;3.西南科技大学 环境与资源学院,四川 绵阳 621010)
Another Explanation of Sand Pile Avalanches Power Law Distribution
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投稿时间:2006-04-02    
中文摘要: 自组织临界性的提出者Per Bak认为,处于临界状态砂堆雪崩呈现幂律分布,可作为广延耗散动力系统自组织临界性存在的证据。采用真实砂堆试验和元胞自动机砂堆模拟两种方法进行研究,提出处于亚临界状态的砂堆,在向临界状态演化的过程中,砂堆在亚临界状态发生众多小规模的雪崩,越接近临界状态,系统的波动越强,大规模的雪崩也时而发生,因此在从亚临界状态向临界状态演化的过程之中,大规模雪崩的发生次数少,小规模雪崩发生的次数多,雪崩发生的规模也呈现幂律分布,并认为这种情况更具普适性。
Abstract:Per Bak,the introducer of Self-organized Criticality, thought that power-law distribution was the evidence for Self organized Criticality, and the non-characteristic scale phenomenon which was presented in extended dissipative power systems in the self-organized critical state. Per Bak’s theoretical evidence was the sand pile model in the self-organized critical state. So the real sand pile experiment and sand pile experiment simulated by computer have been carried out in our research. It can be put forward that many small scale avalanches take place in the sub critical state in sand pile,and the closer to the critical state, the stronger the system fluctuates, then large-scale avalanches emerge now and then. So the occurrence of the large scale avalanches is less often than the small scale avalanches when sub-critical state approaches to the critical state. The scale of avalanches presents power-law distribution. This kind of situation is regarded to be more universal than former theories from Per Bak.
文章编号:20070408     中图分类号:    文献标志码:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(50278080,50478085)
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引用文本:
李洪波,姚令侃,李仕雄.砂堆雪崩幂律分布现象的解释[J].工程科学与技术,2007,39(4):35-39.
.Another Explanation of Sand Pile Avalanches Power Law Distribution[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2007,39(4):35-39.