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工程科学与技术:2019,51(2):28-37
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基于耐震时程法的重力坝失效概率密度演化分析
(1.大连理工大学 海岸与近海工程国家重点实验室, 辽宁 大连 116024;2.大连理工大学 工程抗震研究所, 辽宁 大连 116024)
Failure Probability Density Evolution Analysis of Gravity Dam Based on ETA Method
(1.State Key Lab. of Coastal and Offshore Eng., Dalian Univ. of Technol., Dalian 116024, China;2.Inst. of Earthquake Eng., Inst. of Earthquake Eng., Dalian Univ. of Technol., Dalian 116024, China)
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投稿时间:2018-04-01    修订日期:2018-09-29
中文摘要: 混凝土重力坝在强地震动作用下的响应,对结构的安全评价及损伤破坏模式有着深远的影响。采用耐震时程分析(ETA)法生成耐震时程加速度曲线(ETAs),获取Koyna混凝土重力坝在地震作用下的动力响应,得出结构在不同损伤评价指标下的概率密度演化过程及失效概率时程曲线。建立Koyna混凝土重力坝有限元模型,模拟坝体在ETA时程下(对应均匀增加的峰值加速度)的动力响应及损伤过程;采用塑性耗散能、损伤耗散能、损伤体积及基准损伤体积作为损伤评价指标,基于概率密度演化(PDE)理论,建立其概率密度演化模型,利用概率密度演化法计算不同损伤评价指标下的概率密度曲线随ETA时程的演化过程;选取2个典型破坏状态分别作为中等破坏、严重破坏的评价标准,结合概率密度曲线与失效概率的关系,分析并比较不同损伤评价指标、不同评价标准下的失效概率时程曲线,实现了坝体在不同峰值加速度地震动下的失效概率分析评价。对于以往的研究结果,损伤评价指标服从正态分布只是一种假定,并没有详细的依据,从本文的分析结果可以看出:损伤评价指标的概率密度分布结果只是近似于正态分布的形式,用PDE法得到的损伤评价指标的概率分布结果与正态分布的形式有一定的偏差;基于耐震时程加速度曲线下的概率密度演化过程具有较高的计算效率及精度,与正态分布假定相比具有明显的偏峰,更趋近于真实的概率分布;选取塑性耗散能、损伤耗散能作为损伤评价指标可以更保守地表征坝体在不同地震动强度下的失效概率。
Abstract:Concrete gravity dam response under strong ground motions has a profound impact on the safety assessment and damage failure mode of structures. In this paper, the endurance time analysis (ETA) method was used to generate endurance time accelerations (ETAs), calculate and analyze the probability density evolution process and failure probability of damage evaluation factors subjected by the Koyna ground motion ETAs. The Koyna gravity dam finite element model was established, and the dynamic response and damage process of dam under ETAs was simulated. The plastic dissipation energy, damage dissipation energy, damage volume and normalized damage volume as damage evaluation factors were used. Based on the probability density evolution theory, the generalized probability density evolution model was set. The probability density curves varied with ETA history under different damage evaluation factors were calculated. Selecting two typical moments as moderate damage and severe damage evaluation criterion and combining probability density curves with failure probability, probability curves under different damage evaluation factors and different damage evaluation criterion were compared to realize failure probability analysis and evaluation of dam under different peak ground acceleration. Previous studies showed that damage evaluation index obeys the normal distribution which is just a kind of assumption and no detailed basis. According to the present research, the probability density distribution of damage evaluation index results is similar to normal distribution and has certain deviation compared with PDE method. The studies shows that probability density evolution process based on ETAs has high computation efficiency and precision. Compared with the results of normal distribution, the results of PDE are closer to the true probability distribution. It can be more conservative to represent failure probability of dam when using plastic dissipation energy and damage dissipation energy as damage factors under different ground motion intensity.
文章编号:201800361     中图分类号:TV642.3;TV312    文献标志码:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2017YFC0404903);国家自然科学基金资助项目(51679030);大连市高层次人才创新支持计划资助项目(2016RQ015)
作者简介:徐强(1982-),男,副教授.研究方向:水工结构的动力计算.E-mail:xuqiang528826@dlut.edu.cn
引用文本:
徐强,徐舒桐,陈健云,李静,贾启彬.基于耐震时程法的重力坝失效概率密度演化分析[J].工程科学与技术,2019,51(2):28-37.
XU Qiang,XU Shutong,CHEN Jianyun,LI Jing,JIA Qibin.Failure Probability Density Evolution Analysis of Gravity Dam Based on ETA Method[J].Advanced Engineering Sciences,2019,51(2):28-37.